Download E-books Liquid Stone: New Architecture in Concrete PDF

By Jean-Louis Cohen

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Produced at a price of five billion cubic yards in step with yr, concrete is the second one most generally fed on substance in the world, after water. it really is ubiquitous and simply taken with no consideration because the stuff of sidewalks and roads, strength crops and parking garages. Concrete can also be, even if, a well-liked fabric of state-of-the-art architects and engineers, who worth not just its versatility and energy yet its limitless capability for ingenious expression. A hybrid substance made of cement, water, sand, and mineral aggregates, concrete—or liquid stone—has no intrinsic shape. within the palms of proficient designers, its final visual appeal is dictated via the framework into which it really is poured and the colour, texture, or trend utilized to its floor.
In a chain of essays by way of most sensible architects, engineers, and students, Liquid Stone explores the character of concrete, its earlier and destiny, from technical, creative, and old views. Over thirty structures by way of best overseas architects together with Jean Nouvel, Herzog & de Meuron, Zaha Hadid, Steven Holl, Norman Foster, and Santiago Calatrava are provided via special descriptions, photos, and technical drawings.
The publication concludes with "The way forward for Concrete," a bankruptcy on newly rising fabrics. the following self-consolidated, ultra-high-performance, and translucent concrete are illustrated, introducing the subsequent iteration in concrete expertise and suggesting new instructions for either structure and engineering.

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On reflection over a century and a half concrete building, no definitive type has emerged, and there was not anything yet war of words as to what it may be. If, as Adolf bathrooms (1870–1933) wrote, “every fabric possesses its personal language of kinds, and none may well lay declare for itself to the different types of one other material,”2 then concrete, an indiscriminate borrower from the kinds of another fabric, became out to be with out a language of its personal. Concrete betrayed the legislations of fabrics. via the top of the 20 th century, the placement had replaced from the single defined through Hill; it was once now not that concrete had no aesthetic, yet fairly that it had too many, every one recommend with absolute conviction in its specific declare to authority. With such a lot of rival orthodoxies, are we pressured to finish that bolstered concrete doesn't, in the end, have a classy? If this turns out uncomfortable, it will possibly simply be simply because we've got been too lengthy familiar with looking forward to that each fabric must have its right shape. a short caricature of successive rules concerning the ”correct” use of concrete will point out the absence of consensus. For the nice French exponent of concrete, Auguste Perret (1874–1954), the “oracular formula,” because the historian Peter Collins placed it, used to be that “concrete structure needs to include articulated trabeated constructions composed of monolithic columns, beams, and frames, with infilling partitions made of precast blocks. ”3 [Figure 1] yet for Perret’s scholar, Le Corbusier (1887–1965), or his British modern Sir Owen Williams (1890–1969), the oracular formulation was once whatever really different—for either it was once the cantilevered slab of the Dom-ino procedure, or of the Boots’ manufacturing unit at Nottingham (1932). [Figure 2] And for the yankee engineer Francis S. Onderdonk, Jr. , writer of the 1928 vintage The Ferro-Concrete sort, concrete’s strength lay neither in trabeated buildings, nor in cantilevered slabs; he argued that concrete’s real shape was once the parabolic arch, that concrete used to be the average successor to the Gothic, exchanging the pointed arch through the extra effective parabolic arch, as, for instance, in London’s Royal Horticultural corridor (1928). [Figure three] however the improvement within the Thirties in Germany of shell constructions brought but one other substitute version for concrete building, which via the past due Nineteen Forties got here to be extensively considered as the simplest technique of understanding concrete’s capability. The Greek architect P. A. Michelis, writer of a ebook initially released in 1955 and translated into French in 1963 as Esthétique de l’architecture du béton armé, argued that it was once shell constructions, simply because they fulfilled for the 1st time the isotropic good points of concrete (its capability to hold so much both in all instructions and so abolish the excellence among load and help) that have been the genuine kind of concrete development. For Michelis, the constructions that top established concrete’s power have been works just like the Centre nationwide des Industries et concepts designed through Nicolas Esquillan (1902–1989) in Paris (1958), or Eero Saarinen’s TWA Terminal in Queens, long island (1962).

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