By Bruce Lee, Henry C. Clausen
“We may need possessed the genius to wreck the crimson code, yet in 1941 we didn’t have the brains to grasp what to do with it.” —Henry C. Clausen, precise investigator for secretary of struggle Henry L. Stimson
On December 6, 1941, Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, commander in leader of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, guaranteed his employees that the japanese wouldn't assault Pearl Harbor. the subsequent morning, eastern providers steamed towards Hawaii to release some of the most devastating shock assaults within the historical past of battle, proving the admiral disastrously incorrect. instantly, an research begun into how the yank army might have been stuck so unaware.
the result of the preliminary research did not implicate who used to be liable for this intelligence debacle. Secretary of struggle Henry L. Stimson, understanding that high-ranking contributors of the army had supplied fake testimony, made up our minds to reopen the research by means of bringing in an unknown significant by way of the identify of Henry C. Clausen. Over the process ten months, from November 1944 to September 1945, Clausen led an exhaustive research. He logged greater than fifty-five thousand miles and interviewed over 100 army and civilian group of workers, eventually generating an eight-hundred-page record that introduced new facts to mild. Clausen left no stone unturned in his dogged attempt to figure out who used to be really chargeable for the catastrophe at Pearl Harbor.
Pearl Harbor: ultimate Judgement unearths the entire eye-opening information of Clausen’s research and is a damning account of huge intelligence failure. To today, the tale surrounding the japanese assault on Pearl Harbor stokes controversy and conspiracy theories. This publication offers conclusive facts that indicates how the U.S. army overlooked such a lot of indications and the way it could actually have refrained from the occasions of that fateful day.
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Extra resources for Pearl Harbor: Final Judgement: The Shocking True Story of the Military Intelligence Failure at Pearl Harbor and the Fourteen Men Responsible for the Disaster
And there I left it. when you consider that Fielder didn’t have entry to his documents and notes, I wasn’t going to get a signed affidavit from this interrogation, yet my typewritten memorandum for the documents will be integrated within the ultimate affidavit that i'd take later, whilst I went to Pearl Harbor, with the intention that Fielder used to be there, too. however, Fielder had given me details of a truly aggravating nature. My investigator’s instincts have been aroused, and that i used to be anxious. the following morning, rather than going to the Pentagon, I drove out Connecticut road to the Navy’s code-breaking complicated now not faraway from Chevy Chase Circle. There, I took the affidavit of army Capt. Joseph J. Rochefort, who have been the wrestle Intelligence Officer accountable for the strive against Intelligence Unit at Pearl Harbor. This used to be really a box unit of the house workplace in Washington, and it used to be hooked up to the Commandant of the Fourteenth Naval District in Pearl Harbor, no longer the Pacific Fleet, which was once commanded through Admiral Kimmel. (As it became out, this designation of project will be very important in a while. ) Rochefort gave me no notion of the stress he were operating less than. i didn't be aware of that he have been recalled to Washington simply because he had dared to disagree together with his masters in Washington approximately their research of the japanese conflict plans prior to the conflict of halfway. It was once purely whilst Rochefort and Capt. Edwin T. Layton, the Fleet Intelligence Officer, confident Adm. Chester Nimitz, the hot commander of the Pacific Fleet, as to the real which means of the japanese decrypts prior to halfway that our army fliers have been capable of ranking a beautiful victory that miraculously replaced the process the total Pacific battle. Rochefort’s autonomous considering had confirmed the research of the strategic scenario by means of the workplace of Naval Intelligence in Washington to be completely incorrect. This had infuriated the Washington command, who then punished Rochefort by way of bringing him again from his all-important wrestle command in Hawaii to provide him an insultingly unimportant task. (It used to be in simple terms while Admiral Layton released his ebook, and that i used to be There, which made front web page of the Sunday ny instances on November 17, 1985, that Rochefort’s accomplishments have been well-known formally. The army posthumously presented him the prestigious carrier Medal, which the President awarded to his widow. ) besides, Rochefort seemed completely calm and picked up to me, the epitome of ways an intelligence officer may still glance and act. He spoke with a benign smile. His phrases have been specified and particular. hence, i used to be flabbergasted while Rochefort evenly started to contradict Fielder’s assertion to me of the day prior to. “My contrary quantity within the military at Pearl Harbor was once Col. Kendall J. Fielder, G-2, Hawaiian Department,” acknowledged Rochefort. “In the autumn of 1941, preparations have been made among Col. Fielder and myself for liaison and trade of intelligence info referring to our features on concerns of private trouble. … I had discussions with him and Edwin T. Layton, Fleet Intelligence Officer, at my headquarters.